The only tools necessary for a small garden are a spade or spading fork, a hoe, a rake, and a line or piece of cord.
First of all, clear the ground of all rubbish, sticks, stones, bottles, etc. (especially whisky bottles).
Choose the sunniest spot in the yard for your garden.
Dig up the soil to a depth of 6 to 10 inches, using a spade or spading fork.
(Deeper for parsnips and some other roots. Ed.) Break up all the lumps with the spade or fork. If you live in a section where your neighbors have gardens, you might club together to hire a teamster for a day to do the plowing and harrowing for you all, thus saving a large amount of labor."Don't Waste Food While Others Starve" (ca. 1917-1919)United States Food Administration Poster - Contributor: L.C. Clinker. Artist: M.J. Dwyer. Source: National Archives at College Park, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD (NWDNS-4-P-145)